Since its discovery in 1895, X-rays have become an indispensable tool in the diagnosis of health conditions.  A simple radiograph is probably the front door for many individuals into the health system.  Conventional radiology is still the first step in a long ladder of modalities designed to produce medical diagnostic images.

Profile of a Radiologic Technologist

A Radiologic Technologist is the health professional that produces diagnostic images through the utilization of specialized equipment working with ionizing radiation and other electronic means.  He/she is responsible for producing quality images, gathering patient history/information and submitting his findings to a certified physician for analysis and diagnosis.  The Radiologic Technologist will provide services to patient/clients in the most variable of settings, ranging from hospital, Diagnostic and Treatment Centers and stand-alone offices, public or private.

The Radiologic Technologist is responsible for assuring the safety and well-being of the patient / client under his charge and, as a member of the health professional team, has the additional responsibility of educating, supporting and serving his/her patient/client.

The Radiologic Technologist is capable of:

  1. Evaluating the patient’s medical and clinical information in order to follow the prescribed radiographic procedure.

  2. Utilizing discrete and valorative judgment in the operation of specialized equipment and performance of radiographic procedures.

  3. Performing radiographic procedures to achieve quality images that include unequivocal diagnostic information of the anatomic structure and of possible pathologic conditions.

  4. Assisting the Radiologist in those invasive procedures requested or needed to fully evaluate functional conditions.

  5. Facilitating the diagnosis by integrating medical information, clinical history and the images produced.

  6. Orienting patients about the radiographic procedures and on healthy life styles.

  7. Integrating quality assurance procedures to his/her professional duties as to maintain a consistent excellence level in performance.

  8. Performing his/her duties in such a way that due respect and empathy for the human being prevails.

Educational Program

This program comprises three academic years (six semesters), divided into closely-related periods of didactic and clinical practice.  The curriculum was designed based on the curricular recommendations of the American Society of Radiologic Technology and the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology.  These two institutions standardized education and accreditation of all programs in Radiologic Technology in the United States.  It is important to point out that we have adjusted the curriculum recommendations in order to comply with their requirements while meeting local regulations, and in accordance with the needs and realities of the Puerto Rican community.

The Program’s Curriculum is designed in such a way that the balance between didactic and clinical requisites changes as the student progresses in training, increasing clinical responsibilities as the student approaches completion of the program.  This system allows the student to adapt to professional life and at the same time achieve a more ordered transition towards entry-level work upon completion of training.

 

FIRST YEAR

First Semester

Second Semester

CN-101:   Fundaments of Science:  Chemistry/ Physics) (3)
CP-101:   University Life (NC)
EN-101:   English I (3)
MT-101:  Fundaments in Mathematics (3)
RT-110:   Introduction to Computer Systems (3)
SP-101:   Spanish I (3)(Credits per semester: 15)
EN-102: English II (3)
RT-101: Introduction to Radiologic Technology (3)
RT-103: Human Anatomy and Physiology I (3)
RT-216: Basic Patient Care (3)
SP-102:  Spanish II (3)(Credits per semester: 15)

SECOND YEAR

First Semester

Second Semester

RT-104:    Human Anatomy and Physiology II (3)
RT-107:    Principles of Radiographic Exposure (2)
RT-111:    Radiologic Physics (3)
RT-113:    Radiographic Procedures and Evaluation I (3)
RT-202B: Clinical Practice  I (2)(Credits per semester: 13)
RT-108:    Principles of Image Acquisition and Processing (2)
RT-211:    Radiation Biology (3)
RT-213:    Radiographic Procedures and Evaluation II (3)
RT-203B: Clinical Practice II (2)
RT-303:    Sectional Anatomy (3)(Credits per semester: 13)

THIRD YEAR

First Semester

Second Semester

RT-115B: Radiologic Pathology (3)
RT-204:   Clinical Practice III (3)
RT-316:   Advance Patient Care (3)
RT-314:   Radiographic Procedures and Evaluation III (2)
RT-315A: Legal Concepts Seminar (1)(Credits per semester: 12)
RT-205: Clinical  Practice IV (4)
RT-320: Radiographic Quality Assurance (4)
RT-350: Review for Professional Credentialing Exam (1)
RT-414: Introduction to Imagining Modalities (3)(Credits per semester: 12)
Total credits – 80

 

After the student completes all academic and administrative requirements he/she receives the Associate in Science Degree in Radiologic Technology and is eligible to sit for the Puerto Rico Radiology and Radiotherapy Technologists Examination Board and the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists tests.

Description of Courses

First Year, First Semester

CP-101            University Life
(0 credits)

The University Life course provides students with the skills needed to achieve a successful academic life: study habits, problem solving and critical thinking, time management, among others. Course deals with self-consciousness, recognition of strengths and weaknesses, and teamwork in the process of developing professional skills.

CN-101           Fundaments of Science: Chemistry and Physics
(3 credits)

This course is designed to introduce topics in chemistry and physics at an entry level leading to a conceptual understanding of how these principles relate to everyday life. The topics in Physics in this course include Newton’s laws, properties of matter, heat and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, and waves. The topics covered in Chemistry are measurements, nomenclature, atomic bonding, states of matter, solutions, equilibria, acids, bases, and pH.  Students will apply these principles using practical examples, facilitated discussions, and experiments conducted through a virtual laboratory.

EN-101           English I
(3 credits)

Deals with the basic structures of the language emphasizing their functional use and application aimed toward guiding students in attaining a greater mastery of such basic skills as: listening, reading, writing as a mean of improving their oral and written expression.  Teaching strategies includes lectures, workshops and integration exercises and assignments.  Students will be evaluated through tests, quizzes, special assignments, individual and group presentations, attendance and participation in programmed activities.

MT-101           Fundaments in Mathematics
(3 credits)

This course comprises a review of the basic mathematical skills: integer number properties and operations, exponential notation, algebraic properties, calculations with polynomials and factorization.

Lineal equations with integers and fractions and the formulation and resolution of problems with variables. Mathematical problems focused in science will be discussed.

RT-110            Introduction to Computer Systems
(3 credits)

Introductory course dealing with concepts of the operations and programming of computerized system.   Appropriate terminology and foundations on the use and operations of computers in the health field are discussed.  Student acquires a functional knowledge of general use applications: Word, PowerPoint, Excel and Windows.

SP 101             Spanish I
(3 credits)

Introduction to the Spanish language as a technical expression vehicle.  Basic skills and concepts of written and oral communication in Spanish focused in the professional field are covered.

First Year, Second Semester

EN-102           English II
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite EN-101

Continues the development of English language communication skills with applications to the professional life.

RT-101            Introduction to Radiologic Technology
(3 credits)

Introductory course which presents Radiologic Technology as a science and other aspects related to this profession.  The course covers basic medical terminology relevant to the Medical Images field. Includes first clinical practice period (60 hours) with exposure to the operation of the imaging center.

RT-103            Human Anatomy and Physiology I
(3 credits)

Course oriented to introducing students to the basic anatomic and physiologic principles of the human body throughout descriptive Anatomy by regions and systems.  Emphasis is given to the chemical, cellular, skeletal and muscular components of the human body.  Course is complemented with laboratory experiences.

RT-216            Basic Patient Care
(3 credits)

Comprises basic nursing procedures required for the care of the patient in the radiology department.  Principles of human communication, precautionary and safety considerations, first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, vital signs assessment, medication and contrast media administration, medical sepsis, and infection control procedures are discussed and demonstrated.

SP-102             Spanish II
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite SP-101

Comprises the development of skills in oral and written communication in the Spanish language.  Basic concepts on correct editing are presented.  Different literary styles are discussed and analyzed.

 

Second Year, First Semester

 

RT-104            Human Anatomy and Physiology II
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑103

Course oriented to familiarizing students with the basic anatomical and physiological concepts of the nervous, circulatory, urinary, endocrine, respiratory, reproductive systems and their application in radiology.  This course is complemented with laboratory experiences.

RT-107            Principles of Radiographic Exposure
(2 credits)

Comprises the study of all concepts associated with the production of X-rays; equipment operation, exposure factors and interactions.  Factors influencing image quality are presented and discussed.  Practical demonstrations are used to facilitate comprehension of the course content.

RT-111            Radiologic Physics
(3 credits)

This course offers students the opportunity of knowing the fundamental physics properties associated with the production and effects of X-Rays.  As part of the course the basic components of an X-ray production equipment, operation and maintenance will be covered.  Basic electrical schemes as applied to the X-ray circuit will be covered and discussed.

RT-113            Radiographic Procedures and Evaluation I: Extremities and Body Trunk
(3 credits)

This course includes the study of the radiographic procedures as they relate to the skeletal system.  Includes positioning, exposure techniques, film evaluation and related anatomy of superior and inferior extremities and skeletal trunk.

RT-202B         Clinical Practice I
(2 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑102

Students participate and develop skills in performing radiographic procedures pertaining to the skeletal system (superior and inferior extremities and skeletal trunk).  They observe basic radiographic procedures requiring administration of contrast mediums for the visualization of the gastrointestinal and urinary systems.

 

Second Year, Second Semester

 

RT-108            Principles of Image Acquisition and Processing
(2 credits)

Comprises the study of all concepts associated with the image formation and development in conventional and digital radiology.  Factors influencing image quality are presented and discussed.  Practical demonstrations are used to facilitate comprehension of the course content.

RT-211            Radiation Biology
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑111

Comprises the information and knowledge of the interaction of radiation energy and matter.  Units and manners of measuring X-rays and other radiation and its effects on living organisms, in particular its effects over long and short periods of exposure on patients.

RT-213            Radiographic Procedures and Evaluations II: Abdomen and Thorax
(3 credits) / Pre‑requisite RT‑113

The study of radiographic procedures related to pathological conditions occurring in abdomen and thorax.  Includes discussion of exposure techniques, positioning skills, medical indications and counter-indications for special studies pertaining to this anatomical region. Use of contrast media is discussed.

RT-203B         Clinical Practice II
(2 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑202B

Students participate and develop skills in the realization of special radiographic procedures of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems requiring the administration of contrast media.

RT-303            Sectional Anatomy
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑104

Course oriented to familiarizing students with the anatomical regions and planes as required for the application of advanced imaging modalities, such as Computerized Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Ultrasound.  Course is complemented with laboratory experiences.

 

Third Year, First Semester

 

RT-115B         Radiologic Pathology
(3 credits) / Pre‑requisite RT‑104

Study of the most common conditions and lesions affecting the human being and its relation to the changes observed in the radiographic image.  Etiology, epidemiology and prognosis of these conditions are discussed.

RT-204            Clinical Practice III
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑203

Students participate and develop skills in the application of special radiographic procedures requiring the administration of contrast media and assisting the radiologist in interventional procedures.

RT-314            Radiographic Procedures and Evaluation III: Skull and Neck
(2 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑213

Study of the radiographic procedures related to cranial structures, facial bones and neck.  Includes discussion of exposure techniques, positioning skills, medical indications and indications for special and optional projections to be performed in traumatized patients and special studies pertaining to this anatomical region.  Use of contrast media is discussed.

RT-315A         Legal Concepts Seminar
(1 credit)

Medical-legal considerations of the health professionals in Puerto Rico with emphasis on the radiologic technologist.  Comprises current aspects on ethics, responsibilities, obligations and rights of the health professionals relative to patients and colleagues, including case presentation and discussion.

RT-316            Advance Patient Care
(3 credits)

Advance course in Patient care, which presents an Emphasis is given to infection control, handling and disposal of hazardous materials and pharmacology as applied to the medical imaging field. . Also, an introductory vision of different content matters, considered basic in the health field: public health concepts, epidemiology, statistics, and administration of health services is included.

 

Third Year, Second Semester

 

RT-205            Clinical Practice IV
(4 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑204

Students participate and develop skills in radiographic critique and quality assurance.  The students acquire proficiency in the application of all radiographic procedures (extremities, trunk, skull and facial bones, and special procedures and administration of contrast media) under indirect supervision.  Students are exposed to new imaging modalities.

RT-320            Radiographic Quality Assurance
(4 credits)

The course offers students basic knowledge on the importance and implementation of a quality assurance program in a radiological facility. Emphasis will be given to the quality control tests performed on radiographic exposure and film development equipment.  Evaluation and analysis of radiographs performed during clinical practice.  Course provides students with the opportunity to apply knowledge, acquired during their study/work time to a research project.

RT-350            Review for Professional Credentialing Exam (1)
(1 credit)

This course summarizes and reviews the five content areas included in the American Registry of Radiologist Technologist (ARRT) examination: Radiographic Protection, Acquisition and Evaluation of Radiographic Images, Operation and Maintenance of Radiographic Equipment, Radiographic Procedures and Patient Care.  Course content is offered through presentations, guided studies and simulated tests. At the end of the course, students will be required to approve a comprehensive test similar in content to the Registry exam.

RT-414            Introduction to Imaging Modalities
(3 credits) / Pre-requisite RT‑211

Introductory course dealing with new modalities of medical diagnosis imaging. Includes basic concepts of principles and operational procedures of lineal tomography, digital and computerized radiology, computerized tomography, digital subtraction arteriography, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy.